Compulsory registration of civil society is present only in fascist totalitarian countries. Democracy guarantees freedom of association and assembly. Nonetheless, previous Sri Lankan governments too have sought to restrict the freedom of civil society organizations. Draft legislation to this end was prepared by the previous government in 2011 when the National NGO Secretariat was under the Ministry of Defence. In this context the cabinet decision to approve the draft amendments to the Voluntary Social Service Organizations (Registration and Supervision) Act, No. 31 of 1980 generated widespread opposition within civil society. The amendments sought to expand the scope of the law to bring all voluntary associations, even village-based ones, within the direct supervisory purview of the government.
Minister Ganesan explained that the government’s intention was to strengthen the National NGO Secretariat which would be a focal point for all civil society organizations. He said that provision of legal personality to CSOs by registration with the NGO Secretariat could enhance their capacities to mobilize resources. Minister Ganesan also said that Sri Lanka had obligations under international law to ensure that terrorist financing did not take place within the shores of the country.
According to the draft amendments all voluntary associations, even those legally registered elsewhere would have had to register themselves with the National NGO Secretariat. The proposed amendments would have empowered the National NGO Secretariat to launch investigations into CSO activities without any judicial oversight and to enter the premises of an organisation without advance notice to conduct inspections. It also sought to prohibit them from changing their registered address without the approval of the National NGO Secretariat or giving financial support to other CSOs without such approval.
The targeting of the entirety of civil society with a special laws is both overbroad and discriminatory and is democratically unacceptable. In a democracy the people are free to organize themselves for any purpose as long as it is not in pursuit of illegal activities. The National Peace Council affirms that civil society organisations be subjected to the legal structure of the country in the same manner as the business and public sectors without also being subjected to special surveillance and monitoring by any specialized government agency. We also affirm that compulsory registration is not acceptable in a free and democratic society which enjoys the freedom of association as a constitutional right and the decision whether or not to register with a particular government agency should be left to their members.
The National Peace Council is an independent and non partisan organization that works towards a negotiated political solution to the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka. It has a vision of a peaceful and prosperous Sri Lanka in which the freedom, human rights and democratic rights of all the communities are respected. The policy of the National Peace Council is determined by its Governing Council of 20 members who are drawn from diverse walks of life and belong to all the main ethnic and religious communities in the country.